Australia’s Plants

There are an estimated 27700 plant species in Australia, including living fossils such as the cycad palm and the grass tree, and brilliant wildflowers such as the waratah, Sturt’s desert pea, banksia and kangaroo paws.

We also have around 2800 species of eucalypts (gum trees), and 1000 species of acacia, which we call ‘wattle’. The Golden Wattle is Australia’s floral emblem.



Australia’s tallest trees can be found in the south-west of Western Australia in the Valley of the Giants.


Blue Gum, Hobart, TAS


Gum trees (eucalypts) are the tree most commonly associated with Australia. In South Australia’s Flinders Ranges ancient river red gums live in the dry creek beds.


Daintree Rainforest, QLD


Australia’s rainforests stretch across the country and cover every climatic type. Pockets of dry rainforest live in Western Australia’s Kimberley region.


Yellow Water, Kakadu National Park, NT


Wetlands attract high numbers of migratory birds in Kakadu National Park and The UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve-listed Croajingolong National Park and Nadgee Nature Reserve in south-eastern Australia. Australia now has 65 Ramsar sites across the country covering around 8 million hectares.


Wildflowers, Australia’s Coral Coast, WA


Australia’s unique flora also includes the Proteaceae family of Banksia (bottlebrush), Grevillea and Telopea (waratah). Around 80 per cent of the plants and almost all of the Proteaceae species found in south-west Western Australia are not found anywhere else in the world. The heathlands along the Great Ocean Road in Victoria are one of the most orchid-rich sites in Australia.

Wildflowers are protected species in Australia, so don’t be tempted to pick them!

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